Please read and review the assigned works for class on the day that they are listed.
Assignments are due on the dates listed in the schedule.
This schedule is subject to change according to the pace and interests of our class, as well as other opportunities that arise during the semester.
Suggested readings are included below; additional suggestions and resources will be added to the course website throughout the semester.
Week 1: Introduction to the class/Travel Writing, Nationality & Gender (January 11)
- Browse the database for Women’s Travel Writing 1780-1840.
- Here’s the About section: http://www4.wlv.ac.uk/btw/about#
- Here’s the search function: http://www4.wlv.ac.uk/btw/texts
- It only lists citations, but look through to find either patterns of whom is included and/or things that interest you.
- Megan Norcia’s “Introduction: Mapping Imperial Hierarchies and Ruling the World” http://www.victorianweb.org/history/norciaintro.html
- Elizabeth A. Bohls. Introduction to Women Travel Writers and the Language of Aesthetics, 1716-1818 (see email attachment)
Post on Book History shown in class today: Rhodes. “18th and 19th Century European and American Paper Binding.” The Book and Paper Group Annual 14 (1995)
Week 2: Imperial Contexts: Caribbean, Crimea, Britain (January 18)
Seacole. The Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole (1857)
- Sandra Pouchet Paquet. “The Enigma of Arrival: The Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands.” African American Review 26.4 (Winter, 1992: 651-663.
- Raphael Dalleo. “Introduction: Periodizing the Public Sphere.” From Caribbean Literature and the Public Sphere: From the Plantation to the Postcolonial. University of Virginia Press, 2011.
- Nightingale. Florence Nightingale’s Indian letters: a glimpse into the agitation for tenancy reform, Bengal, 1878-82; Life or death in India; Florence Nightingale to her nurses; Notes on nursing: what it is, and what it is not; “Cassandra” [1854 essay critiquing the role of women in Victorian society; an abridged version is here; the full text is at the HU Social Work Library]
- On Seacole: Dalleo. “Chapter 2: The Public Sphere Unbound: Michel Maxwell Philip, El laúd del desterrado, and Mary Seacole.” From Caribbean Literature and the Public Sphere: From the Plantation to the Postcolonial; Pouchet Paquet. From Caribbean Autobiography: Cultural Identity and Self-Representation [ebook through HU Library]. University of Wisconsin Press, 2002; Hawthorne. “Self-writing, literary traditions, and post-emancipation identity: The case of Mary Seacole.” Biography2 (Spring 2000): 309-331; Robinson. “Authority and the Public Display of Identity: ‘Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands’” Feminist Studies 20.3 (Autumn, 1994): 537-557; McGarrity. “Mary Seacole’s Wonderful Adventures: an Eastward Economy of Disease” Victorians Institute Journal 34 (2006)
- On British Nurses in the Crimea: National Archives. “Nurses in the Crimea”
- On the Public Sphere: Habermas. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society, 1962/translated 1989; Warner. Publics and Counter Publics [link to excerpts, for a link to an earlier article in Public Culture which evolved into this book, go here]. MIT Press, 2002.
Week 3: Satire, Class, and the Midwest (January 25)
Required Primary: Trollope. Domestic Manners of the Americans (1832)
*There are many editions (with some variations) for this text. The above link goes to the PDF file for an electronic exam copy I am thinking of using in the future. It as footnotes and other scholarly aids. If you prefer a print version for longer works, there are about 15 copies available through the library, including a few at Howard, located here and here.
Here is a digitization of a fourth edition from 1832.
Required Secondary: Anna C. Simonson. “Perfect Recluses, Great Workers, and Black Beasts: Frances Trollope’s Cincinnati Women in Domestic Manners of the Americans, 1828–1830.” Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 37.2 (2016); 48-74;
- Bird: The Aspects of Religion in the United States of America; The Englishwoman in America
- Field: Hap-Hazard; Ten Days in Spain; Pen Photographs of Charles Dickens’s Readings, Taken from Life (See also Dr. Moody’s blog post on her)
- Trollope: Belgium and Western Germany in 1833; Paris and the Parisians in 1835; Vienna and the Austrians
Recommended Secondary: Danger. “The bonnet’s brim: the politics of vision in Frances Trollope’s Domestic Manners of the Americans.” Philological Quarterly. 88.3 (Summer 2009); Imbarrato. “Introduction.”From Traveling Women: Narrative Visions of Early America. Ohio University Press, 2006 [The whole text is available as an ebook through HU Library]; Ed. Wagner. Frances Trollope: Beyond “Domestic Manners” [available through the WRLC Catalog] Routledge, 2015.
Some Images of Trollope:
Images via VictorianWeb.org their caption for this pair of images: “Two very different portraits of Frances Trollope: a photograph (an albumen print) by an unidentified photographer and a stipple engraving by W. Holt [?] of a drawing by Mrs. L. Adams. From the Berg Collection, New York Public Library (image id nos. 484406 and ).”
Week 4: CHANGE IN READING SCHEDULE: Published vs Posthumous (February 1, MSRC Visit)
Required Secondary: Bohls. “Chapter 2: Janet Schaw and the Aesthetics of Colonialism” from Women Travel Writers and the Language of Aesthetics, 1716-1818;
- Grant: Memoirs of an American Lady, with Sketches of the Manners and Scenery in America
- Falconbridge: Two Voyages to Sierra Leone During the Years 1791-2-3: In a Series of Letters [also available as a pdf transcript from sierra-leone.org]
- Nugent: Lady Nugent’s Journal of Her Residence in Jamaica from 1801 to 1805 [available online through HU library]
- Dash:Daughters of the Dust (novel or film, both are from the 1990s, and widely available through our library system).
Recommended Secondary: Gikandi. Slavery and the Culture of Taste [ebook available through HU library]. Princeton University Press, 20011 (especially, “Chapter 1: Overture: Sensibility in the Age of Slavery” and “Unspeakable Events: Slavery and White Self-Fashioning”); Wallace. “The White Female as Effigy and the Black Female as Surrogate in Janet Schaw’s Journal of a Lady of Quality and Jane Austen’s Mansfield Park.” Studies in the Literary Imagination. 27.2 (Fall 2014); Lucinda L. Damon-Bach. “Chapter 2: Catharine Maria Sedgwick Tours England.” From Transatlantic Women: Nineteenth-Century American Women Writers and Great Britain. New Hampshire, 2012.
Week 5: Change in Reading Schedule: Women’s Travel Writing and Book Launch (February 8, Howard Book Store)
Howard University Bookstore
Instead of meeting in our classroom, we will attend the following campus event. Although it is technically a subject for U.S. history, it does tie into our discussions of British reactions to slave societies in the Americas.
STILL Required Secondary: Travel Writing Sections from the Cambridge Companions to Women’s Writing in:
- Guest, Harriet. “Travel Writing.” The Cambridge Companion to Women’s Writing in Britain, 1660–1789. Edited by Catherine Ingrassia. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2015;
- Fay, Elizabeth A. “Travel Writing.” The Cambridge Companion to Women’s Writing in the Romantic Period. Edited by Devoney Looser. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2015;
- Wagner, Tamara S. “Travel Writing.” [Gibson and Rudy’s “Colonial and Imperial Writing” chapter also included, but optional].The Cambridge Companion to Victorian Women’s Writing. Edited by Linda H. Peterson. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2015.
NB: When you start your research, these companions and their further reading sections may be useful to you. I have copies and can scan relevant chapters for you.
NOW SUGGESTED Primary:Choose one of the following:
- Ann Radcliffe. A journey made in the summer of 1794, through Holland and the western frontier of Germany: with a return down the Rhine: to which are added Observations during a tour to the lakes of Lancashire, Westmoreland, and Cumberland.
- Hester Thrale Piozzi. Observations and Reflections Made in the Course of a Journey Through France, Italy, and Germany.
- Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley. Rambles in Germany and Italy in 1840, 1842, and 1843
- Mary Wollstonecraft. Letters written during a short residence in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark.
Week 6: Travel Narratives as Domestic Fiction (February 15)
Required Primary: Anon. The Woman of Colour: A Tale (1808)
- Brigitte Fielder. “The Woman of Colour and Black Atlantic Movement” in Women’s Narratives of the Early Americas and the Formation of Empire. Palgrave, 2016;
- Lyndon J. Dominque. “Chapter 6: ‘An unportioned girl of my complexion can … be a dangerous object.’ Abolition and the Mulatto Heiress in England.” From Imoinda’s Shade: Marriage and the African Woman in Eighteenth-Century British Literature, 1759-1808. Ohio State University Press, 2012.
Recommended Primary: Bonetta and Davies. ‘Letters of Queen Victoria’s Wards.”From Women Writing Africa: West Africa and the Sahel. Feminist Press, 2005.
Recommended Secondary: Gerzina. Black London: Life Before Emancipation.[pdf of whole book] Rutgers University Press, 1995; Gerzina. Black Victorians/Black Victoriana [Print copy available in HU library]. Rutgers University Press, 2003.
Week 7 Domestic Tourism in Domestic Novels (Feb 22)
Required Primary: Austen. Pride and Prejudice (1813)
Required Secondary: Sandra Macpherson. “Rent to Own: or, What’s Entailed in Pride and Prejudice” Representations 82.1 (Spring 2003); Stephen Clarke. “A Fine House Richly Furnished: Pemberley and the Visiting of Country Houses.” Persuasions 22 (2000); Hendrickson and Lansdowne. “Title & Inheritance Quick Guide”
Recommended Primary: More Austen (all texts via The Republic of Pemberley); Eden. Up The Country: Letters Written to Her Sister from the Upper Provinces of India; Fay. The Original Letters from India of Mrs. Eliza Fay
Recommended Secondary: Brideoake. “The Republic of Pemberley: Politeness and Citizenship in Digital Sociability” Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century, 7 (2008); Spooner. “Touring with Jane Austen.” Critical Survey 26.1 (2014); Lynch. “Introduction: Sharing with Our Neighbors” from Janeites: Austen Disciples and Devotees, Princeton University Press, 2000 (also in Janeites: Benedict. “Chapter 3: Sensibility by the Numbers: Austen’s Work as Regency Popular Fiction” [same file as Intro, so scroll down]; Halperin. “Chapter 4: Austen’s Earliest Readers and the Rise of the Janeites”); Johnson. Jane Austen’s Cultures and Cultures [excerpts: Introduction; Introduction; Chapter 1: Body;Chapter 3: WWI]. University of Chicago Press, 2012; Bilger. Laughing Feminism: Subversive Comedy in Frances Burney, Maria Edgeworth, and Jane Austen.[excerpts: Chapter 1: “Women in Comedy in Eighteenth-Century England“; Chapter 3: “From Inside Jokes to Published Comedy”]. Wayne State University Press, 1998.
Week 8: British Markets for Abolition in the Americas
Required Primary: Craft and Craft. Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom (1860)
Required Secondary: Choose one of the following:
- Kenneth Salzer. “Chapter 8: Great Exhibitions: Ellen Craft on the British Abolitionist Stage.” From Transatlantic Women: Nineteenth-Century American Women Writers and Great Britain. New Hampshire, 2012.
- Barbara McCaskill. “Chapter 3: Running a Thousand Miles in England.” Love, Liberation, and Escaping Slavery: William and Ellen Craft in Cultural Memory. University of Georgia Press, 2015
- Lisa Merrill. “Exhibiting Race ‘under the World’s Huge Glass Case’: William and Ellen Craft and William Wells Brown at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, London, 1851.” Slavery and Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies 33.2 (2012)
Recommended Primary: Wells. Clotel; or, The President’s Daughter (1853) [also by Wells: Three Years in Europe (audio); Narrative of William W. Brown, a Fugitive Slave]; Eldridge and Green. Memoirs of Elleanor Eldridge (1838)
Recommended Secondary: McCaskill. Love, Liberation, and Escaping Slavery: William and Ellen Craft in Cultural Memory [link to HU Library entry for the ebook].University of Georgia Press, 2015; Warner. “Chapter 1: Public and Private” Publics and Counter Publics. MIT Press, 2002.
Images of Ellen Craft:
Week 9: Short Paper Midterm and Presentation (March 8 – We Will Meet in the Seminar Room)
Updated: Short Paper Midterm Due at the start of class; we will discuss the papers.
Week10: Testimonials, Petitions, Slave Narratives
Required Primary: Prince. The History of Mary Prince (1831); Selections from Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine
Required Secondary: Raphael Dalleo. “Chapter 1: The Abolitionist Public Sphere and the Republic of the Lettered” From Caribbean Literature and the Public Sphere: From the Plantation to the Postcolonial. University of Virginia Press, 2011
- Petitions: Marlena Van Poppas (1739), Belinda Sutton [Royall] [use links at the bottom of this post to access the petitions] (1783, 1785), Malinda Rex (1839)
- Confession: Garret: The Confession and Dying Warning of Katherine Garret (1738)
- Pringle: African Sketches (1835)
- Moodie/Warner: Negro Slavery Described by a Negro: Being the Narrative of Ashton Warner, a Native of St. Vincent’s. With an Appendix Containing the Testimony of Four Christian Ministers, Recently Returned from the Colonies, on the System of Slavery as It Now Exists (1831)
Recommended Secondary: McDonald. “Introduction.” The Literature Police: Apartheid Censorship and its Cultural Consequences. Oxford University Press, 2009.
Secondary for Prince
- Aljoe, Nicole. “‘Going to Law’: Legal Discourse and Testimony in Early West Indian Slave Narratives.”Early American Literature 46:2 (2011): 351-381.
- Allen, Jessica. “Pringle’s Pruning of Prince: The History of Mary Prince and the Question of Repetition.” Callaloo 35:2 (Spring 2012): 509-519.
- Banner, Rachel. “Surface and Statis: The Re-reading Slave Narrative via the History of Mary Prince.”Callaloo 36:2 (Spring 2013): 298-311.
- Baumgartner,Barbara. “The Body as Evidence: Resistance, Collaboration, and Appropriation in The History of Mary Prince” Callaloo 24:1 (Winter 2001): 253-275.
- Rauwerda, A.M. “Naming, Agency, and ‘A Tissue of Falsehoods’ in ‘The History of Mary Prince.” VIctorian Literature and Culture 29:2 (2001): 397-411.
- Rintoul, Suzanne. “‘My Poor Mistress’: Marital Cruelty in The History of Mary Prince.” ESC: English Studies in Canada 37:3-4 (September/December 2011): 41-60.
- Sharpe, Jenny. “Figures of Colonial Resistance” Modern Fiction Studies 35:1 (Spring 1999)137-155
- —–“‘Something Akin to Freedom’: The Case of Mary Prince.” differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 8.1. (1996): 31-56
- Shum, Matthew. “The Prehistory of The History of Mary Prince: Thomas Pringle’s ‘The Bechuana Boy.’” Nineteenth-Century Literature 64.3 (2009): 291-322
Week 11: Emigration as Travel (March 29)
Required Primary: Strickland Moodie. Roughing it in The Bush (1852)
Required Secondary: Andrea Medovarski. “Roughing it in Bermuda: Mary Prince, Susanna Strickland Moodie, Dionne Brand, and the Black diaspora” Canadian Literature/Littérature Canadienne 220 (2014); Christa Zeller Thomas. “’I Had Never Seen Such a Shed Called a House Before’: The Discourse of Home in Susanna Moodie’s Roughing It in the Bush” Canadian Literature/Littérature Canadienne 203 (2009)
Recommended Primary: Shadd. A Plea for Emigration; Or Notes of Canada West; Chisholm. The A.B.C. of Colonization: In a Series of Letters (1850); Atwood. The Journals of Susanna Moodie (poetry, 1970) and Alias Grace (novel, 1996); Moodie. Life in the Clearings (1853) and The Narrative of Ashton Warner (1831); Parr Traill. Canadian Crusoes (1852) and The Female Emigrant’s Guide (1854)
Hume, Blanche. The Strickland Sisters. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1928.
Fowler, Marian. “Roughing It in the Bush: A Sentimental Novel.” Beginnings: A Critical Anthology. Ed. John Moss. Toronto: NC, 1980, 80-98.
MacLuich, T.D. “Crusoe in the Backwoods: A Canadian Fable?” Mosaic 9 (1976): 115-26.
Mathews, Robin. “Susanna Moodie, Pink Toryism, and Nineteenth-Century Ideas of Canadian Identity.” Journal of Canadian Studies 10 (1975):3-15.
Dean, Misao. “Concealing Her Bluestockings: Femininity and Self-Representation in Susanna Moodie’s Autobiographical Works.” Re-Sitting Queen’s English: Text and Tradition in Post-Colonial Literatures. Ed. Gillian Whitlock and Helen Tiffin. Amsterdam-Atlanta: Rodopi, 1992, 25-36.
Gerson, Carole. “Nobler Savages: Representations of Native Women in the Writings of Susanna Moodie and Catharine Parr Trail.” Journal of Canadian Studies 32 (1997):5-21.
Klepac, Tihana. “Susanna Moodie’s Roughing it in the Bush: A Female Contribution to the Creation of an Imagined Canadian Community.”Central European Journal of Canadian Studies/Revue d’Etudes Canadiennes en Europe Centrale, 7 (2011): 65-75.
Peterman, Michael A. “Reconstructing the Palladium of British America: How the Rebellion of 1837 and Charles Fothergill Helped to Establish Susanna Moodie as a Writer in Canada.” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada 40/1 (2002):7-36.
Week 12: Paper Proposals (April 5)
If you are going to a conference this week, you are excused, but you still need to turn in your work.
Paper Abstract and Bibliography due at the start of class– discuss it in class.
For the Bibliography, you need a minimum of 10 citations (in MLA), at least 5 to have short one paragraph summaries, and of those five, at least three should have a second paragraph discussing how you will use it in the paper. You will post this to Google Drive and send me the link before class.
The Abstract should be about 500-700 words.
CHANGE IN SCHEDULE: Week 13: African-American travel to Russia and the West Indies (April 12)
Next Wednesday, April 12, Professor Jennifer Wilson from University of Pennsylvania will speak on campus and I am refocusing the class around that visit, using a text I thought of assigning but ultimately did not. We will spend the first hour of class at the talk. If the conversation continues there and is of interest, we will stay. If not, we will return to our seminar room to talk amongst ourselves about the reading and Prof. Wilson’s work.
I have contacted her and will add any suggestions she makes on primary/secondary sources to the suggested reading for the week.
From the announcement: Professor Wilson is a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Pennsylvania and is the leading specialist in the interaction between the African-American diaspora and Russia.
“Writing the Black Atlantic in Imperial Russia.”
Wednesday, April 12, 2017
12 noon to 1pm.
Required Primary: Prince, Nancy. A Narrative of the Life and Travels of Mrs. Nancy Prince. (2nd edition, 1853) Two e-texts (based on same edition, same page numbers): Schomburg etext and downloadable pdf from Internet Archive
- Foster, Amber. “Nancy Prince’s Utopias: Reimagining the African-American Utopian Tradition.” Utopian Studies, vol. 24, no. 2, 2013, pp. 329–348., http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5325/utopianstudies.24.2.0329.
- Gunning, Sandra. “Nancy Prince and the Politics of Mobility, Home and Diasporic (Mis)Identification.” American Quarterly, vol. 53, no. 1, 2001, pp. 32–69., http://www.jstor.org/stable/30041872.
- Imbarrato. “Chapter 2: Ordinary Travel. ”From Traveling Women Narrative Visions of Early America. Ohio University Press, 2006; Lucinda L. Damon-Bach. [The whole text is available as an ebook through HU Library]
- Biographies of Nancy Prince: American National Biography Online and Schomburg
Reccomended Secondary: Schmidt. ” Journeys and Warnings : Nancy Prince’s Travels as Cautionary Tales for African American Reader.” Women at Sea : Travel Writing and the Margins of Caribbean Discourse. edited by Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert and Ivette Romero-Cesareo. New York : Palgrave, 2001.
From Wilson’s talk: 1796 English translation of The Negro Slaves.
Previous Reading: Celebrity in a Romanticized Antebellum South
Recommended Secondary: David. Fanny Kemble: A Performed Life. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007. Booth. “From Miranda to Prospero: The Works of Fanny Kemble.” Victorian Studies 38.2 (Winter 1995); Mullenix. “’So Unfemininely Masculine’: Discourse, True/False Womanhood, and the American Career of Fanny Kemble.” Theater Survey 40.2 (November 1999); Russell. “’Playing the Men’: Ellen Tree, Fanny Kemble, and Theatrical Constructions of Gender.” Borrowers and Lenders 8.1 (2013).
Week 14: Beyond the Atlantic (April 19)
Required Primary: Duncan. Set in Authority (1906)
Required Secondary: Focus on your research
Recommended Primary: There are many more works by Duncan. See also Parkes. Begums Thugs and White Mughals (composed 1822-1846, published 2002); Gordon. Last letters from Egypt. To which are added letters from the Cape (1876); Lady Mary Wortley Montagu. The letters of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (composed 1710-1725; published 1884); Bell. Letters and Diaries at the Gertrude Belle Archive
Recommended Secondary: Fiamengo. The Woman’s Page: Journalism and Rhetoric in Early Canada University of Toronto Press, 2008; Dean. “The Paintbrush and the Scalpel: Sara Jeanette Duncan Representing India.” Canadian Literature 132 (1992); Goswami. “The Post-Mutiny Imperial Boy Hero: Bridging Cultural Divides in Sara Jeanette Duncan’s The Story of Sonny Sahib.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 34.1 (Spring 2009); Quirk. “The Place of Bibliography in the Academy Today: Reassessing Sara Jeanette Duncan.” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada 46.1 (2008)
Other Sources of Potential Interest (not all are strictly scholarly):
Indentured Chinese Labor in South Africa (there is also scholarship regarding Chinese migration to Cuba and South Asian migration to both the British Caribbean and South Africa; after Apartheid, the categorization of Asian subjects is interesting, as well):
- Grant, Kevin. A Civilised Savagery: Britain and the New Slaveries in Africa, 1884-1926 (Psychology Press, 2005) —Preview on Google Books
- O’Connor, Emmet. “William Walker, Irish Labour and ‘Chinese slavery’ in South Africa, 1904-6” Irish Historical Studies 37.145 (May 2010), pp. 48-60
- Spencer, Scott C. “British Liberty Stained: ‘Chinese Slavery,’ Imperial Rhetoric, and the 1906 British General Election” (JMU Commons 2010)
Immigration History Research Center, “Coolie Trade in the 19th Century” University of Minnesota. (16 June 2016)
Neill, Jeremy. “’This is a most disgusting case’: Imperial Policy, Class and Gender in the Rangoon Outrage of 1899″ (Academia.edu)
Week 15: Presentations
Paper Drafts due at the start of class; Presentations during class
Seminar Paper due Friday, May 12 by email before midnight
If this conflicts with other graduate deadlines, we will discuss this as a class towards the end of the semester.
Other texts of possible interest:
Pryor, Elizabeth Stordeur. Colored Travelers: Mobility and the Fight for Citizenship before the Civil War (University of North Carolina Press, 2016)